The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has revealed that 77.55 million people were engaged in economic activities out of a labour force of 85.08 million in the third quarter of 2017.
The NBS, in its report titled, “Labour Force Statistics Volume 2: Employment by Sector report for Third Quarter of 2017,’’ released, on Monday in Abuja, said that the 77.55 million were engaged in some sort of economic activities for, at least, an hour, a week.
It, however, noted that 8.46 million were engaged between one to 19 hours weekly; 18.02 million, 20 to 39 hours; 51.06 million, above 40 hours, while 7.53 million were doing absolutely nothing.
The NBS explained that it classified those working less than 20 hours a week and those doing absolutely nothing as unemployed.
It also stated that it classified those working 20 to 39 hours or doing jobs not commensurate with their qualifications and skills as underemployed.
According to the bureau, out of 8.46 million persons that worked within 1 to19 hours a week, 1.83 million or 21.67 per cent work for pay/wage.
It also stated that the 5.84 million or 69.03 per cent were self-employed working in agriculture (4.18 million or 49.44 per cent) and non-agriculture related activities (1.65 million or 19.58 per cent).
In addition, it also said that 83,978 or 0.99 per cent were paid apprentice and 703,240 or 8.31 per cent were unpaid house workers.
Working hours category
It stated that under the working hours’ category, the Agriculture sector with 59.02 per cent or 5.01 million persons dominated, followed by Trade (9.7 per cent), Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (7.0 per cent).
The bureau further stated that out of 18.02 million persons that worked within 20 to 39 hours a week and classified as under-employed, 3.77 million or 20.96 per cent work for pay/wage.
It stated that 11.60 million or 64.36 per cent were self-employed working in agriculture (6.62million or 36.72 per cent) and non-agriculture related activities (4.98 million or 27.64 per cent).
In addition, it stated that 231,671 or 1.28 per cent were paid apprentice and 2.41 million or 13.39 per cent were unpaid house workers.
Meanwhile, the report stated that more males worked full-time than females, while a higher percentage of female worked part-time between 20 to 39 hours and below 20 hours per week.